Neck Movements

Abhinaya Darpan (Thespian Philosophy) defines four types of Greeva Sanchalan (neck movement):

  • Sundari Greeva: Sundari neck movement is formed by sliding the neck left and right without raising the shoulders while keeping the neck straight.
    • Usage: Used to display affection or seeking approval.
  • Tischichani Greeva: Tischichani neck movement is displayed by turning the neck left and right in a serpentine motion. 
    • Usage: Used to display a sword fight or movement of snakes or other reptiles.
  • Parivartita Greeva: Parivartita neck movement is displayed by turning the neck left and right in a crescent movement.
    • Usage: Used to depict beauty and seduction or to show a beautiful object
  • Prakamptita Greeva: Prakampita neck movement is performed by projecting the neck forward and backward like a pigeon. 
    • Usage: Used to depict you-vs-me, swing and pigeons etc.

 

Drishti Bhed (Distinction of Vision/Gaze)

Abhinaya Darpan (Thespian Philosophy) defines eight types of Drishti Bhed (gaze):

  • Sama Drishti: Sama drishti (level gaze) is formed by holding the gaze is straight and even with an erect head. 
    • Usage: Use to express surprise at the beginning of the dance, or to depict the statue of a deity.
  • Aalokit Drishti: Aalokit Drishti (Wide gaze) is formed by keeping the eyes wide open and turning the eyeballs in a circle.
    • Usage: Use to show coins, potters wheel etc.
  • Saachi Drishti: Saachi Drishti (Sideways gaze) is formed by looking towards the corners of the eyes.
    • Usage: Used to draw attention to a sign, depicting a thoughtful posture, twirling the moustache or to point towards somebody.
  • Pralokit Drishti: Pralokit Drishti (sweeping gaze) is formed by sweeping the gaze from one end to the other.
    • Usage: Used to indicate both sides and to express deep affection
  • Nimilit Drishti: Nimit drishti (half-closed gaze) is formed by closing the eyes half-way.
    • Usage: Used to depict a serpent, during prayer or deep meditation.
  • Ullokit Drishti: Ullokit Drishti (upward gaze) is formed by looking upward
    • Usage: Used to depict high stature, or celestial objects such as moon, stars, planets, constellations etc.
  • Anuvrit Drishti: Anuvrit Drishti is displayed by rapidly looking up and down.
    • Usage: Used to depict anger, or to draw attention
  • Avlokit Drishti: Avlokit Drishti (downward gaze) is formed by looking downward
    • Usage: Used to depict shadow, tiredness or body of the individual

Bhaun Sanchalan — Movement of Eyebrows

There are seven types of eye-brow gestures according to Abhinay Darpan (The Mirror of Gesture)

  1. Utkshiptha: Raised eyebrows are referred to as utkshiptha bhaun.
    1. Usage:used to express anger, suspicion, surprise etc.
  2. Paanana: Lowered eyebrows are referred to as paanana bhaun.
    1. Usage: used to express sniffing or laughing
  3. Bhrukuti: Bhrukuti is formed by raising the tip of the eyebrows
    1. Usage: Used to express anger
  4. Chatur: Chatur bhaun is formed by delicately raising the eyebrows.
    1. Usage: Used to express beautiful preparation, delicateness, cosplay etc
  5. Kunchita: Kunchita bhaun is formed by lowering one or both eyebrows a little
    1. Usage: Used to express enchantment, screaming, sorrow, pride etc
  6. Rachita: Rachita bhaun is formed by invitingly or seductively raising one eyebrow.
    1. Usage: Used to express the emotion of the dance.
  7. Sahaja: Sahaja bhaun is the neutral position of the eyebrows.
    1. Usage: Used to express the natural look